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Motherhood is a gift

Maternal malnutrition and pregnancy outcome.


Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are to much such that the diet causes health problems.

1.It may involve calories, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals.

2.Not enough nutrients as undernutrition or undernourishment while too much is called over nutrition.

Maternal malnutrition


1.Maternal malnutrition increases the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes including obstructed labour premature or low birth weight babies and postpartum hemorrhagic.

2.Low birth weight is a significant contributor to infant mortality.

Introduction



1.The term "maternal nutrition" focuses attention on women as mothers, on there nutritional status as it relates to the bearing and nurturing of children.



2.Women play a vital role in their families, communities, and societies.



3.The poor nutritional status of many women in the world today compromises there capacity to meet the vigorous demands on their multiple roles as mothers and productive workers.



4. Lack of sufficient food or the deficiency of specific nutrients, such as iron.



5. A heavy work load made more difficult to access to basic resource ex:water and fuel.



6. When a woman begins life as an undernourished, with frequent illness and poor nutrition during childhood, she arrives at maturity in a less than optimal state to undertake pregnancy and lactation as the conditions that produce malnutrition continue to affect her, both she and her offsprings, as well as the larger community, are further disadvantage through a vicious inter the generational cycle of poverty and undernutrition.


Maternal nutritional needs and problems in deprived population




1.The needs during pregnancy for such nutrients as calcium, vitamin A, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, ascorbic acid, vitamin D, Vitamin B.



2. Folate, iron, protein, and energy have been assessed by various FAD/WHO expert group.



3.The requirement of energy and protein are in the process of re-examining.



4.Estimates of nutrition requirements are based on healthy and mature women, who arrives at conception adequately nourished who are only moderately active during their pregnancy.



5.Poorly nourished mothers of a smaller body size who have not even completed there own growth.



6.They must bear the drain of parasitism plus the stress of frequent infection.



7.Maternal nutrition focuses mainly on the mothers abilities to produce a live child of sufficient size and her capacity to produce sufficient milk to feed it.




The primary maternal nutritional deficiency found in deprived population can be summarized as follows




1.Energy deficiency

2.Iron deficiency - anemia

3.Vitamin A deficiency

4.Iodine deficiency

5.Deficiency of other micro nutrient 




Actions to improve maternal nutritional status


1.Many interrelated factors that influence a mothers nutritional status.

2.Ranging from her psychological utilization of food and nutrients during pregnancy and lactation.

3.The social and economic influences on food availability and her energy expenditure.

4.The cultural and educational condition that affect her ability to utilize available resources.

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