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literacy rate since British left India

literacy rate since British left India

When  Britishers left India the literacy rate was down to 12%, the economy was down to 1.1% due to less industrialization and lower Per Capita income, the mortality rate was down to 32 years, and the population was  400 million.
One of the reason was India had seen some serious famine worst in the British era (approx 31 famine in 120 years) which had a deep impact on Indian population which affects its related factors.

Here is the comparison of literacy rate of 2001 and 2011 census  by the Indian government .

The 2001 and 2011 census on literacy                                                              

2001 and 2011 literacy rate

2001 and 2011 literacy rate

                                   The comparison between 2001 and 2011 is as shown above.

The best performing states and UT where Kerala, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Delhi, Mizoram and Chandigarh in 2011.

and the state with lowest literacy rate where Bihar, Arunachala Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in 2011.

 The percentage increase in there literacy rate  is as shown,

percentage increase in literacy from 2001 to 2011

Though Bihar was seen as an least literate state in 2001 but has a growth percentage of more than 35%and is the best growth in last 15 years but again stays behind all other states. And Dadar Nagar Haveli stays behind Bihar for fastest growing literate union territory with 35% growth rate between 10 years.The 2001 census revealed that the percentage of literate SC and ST was 54.69 and 47.10 respectively. The literacy rate among the SC female was worst, In Bihar state (15.58%), Jharkahand(22.55%) Uttarpradesh(30.0%) and Rajhasthan (33.87%). Similarly, the ST female population was also less in Bihar (15.54).the total literacy rate of India in 2011 was at 74.04% which was more then of the previous rate of 64.84% with overall increase 14.188%.Religion literacy After British left India and separation from Pakistan, India had lost almost 30 million people to Pakistan and another 30 million to east Bangladesh thus the population census was necessary and also the religion census to categories and channel the population in one stream.The 2001 census shows that the India's population about 80.5% where Hindu, 13.4% where Muslims, 2.3% follow Christianity, 1.9% are Sikh, and 0.8% are Buddhist and 0.4% are Jain. But most of Hindu population was illiterate due to lack of access to educational institution or schooling. Of the 80 percent Hindu population 65 percent of the population has passed schooling which is high school education. The least religion which has lower literacy rate was Islam with literacy rate of 59.1 percent. The Jain religion was found to be most literate among all the major religions in India with a literacy of 94.1 percent.



literacy percentage









literacy percentage


religion literacy of 2001 and 2011

The 2011 census have shown a significant increase in the literacy of Islam religion with increase in rate of  above 15.8% where as Hindu religion was second in literacy growth of 12.2%.
the detailed graph below shows the percentage increase in the literacy.

percentage increase in the literacy


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